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Chamba Rumaal Paintings and Art Collection

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About Chamba Rumaal

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This artform is recognised by The Government of India as a part of its One District One Product (ODOP) Initiative. Learn More

Chamba Rumal is a traditional form of hand-embroidered textile art from the Chamba district in Himachal Pradesh, India. This intricate art form, often referred to as the "painted handkerchief of Himachal," is known for its exquisite needlework, vibrant colors, and delicate motifs. Chamba Rumal represents a rich cultural heritage, blending mythology, tradition, and craftsmanship.

History

The history of Chamba Rumal dates back to the late 16th and early 17th centuries. During the reign of Raja Umed Singh (17448-1764 A.D.), Chamba Rumal gained prominence. The embroidered textiles were often used as ceremonial gifts exchanged during weddings and religious occasions, symbolizing auspiciousness and respect. Chamba Rumal's tradition is deeply rooted in the Pahari school of miniature painting, known for its delicate brushwork and fine detailing. The same intricate designs were transferred onto fabric, creating a seamless fusion of painting and embroidery.

Technique and Craftsmanship

The technique behind Chamba Rumal is a unique form of double-sided embroidery. Artisans use fine silk or cotton threads to stitch designs onto muslin or silk fabric. The distinguishing feature of this embroidery is that the design appears identical on both sides of the fabric. The needlework involves a combination of satin stitch, stem stitch, and buttonhole stitch to create detailed motifs.

Chamba Rumal often features intricate motifs drawn from Hindu mythology and nature. Common themes include scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata, Radha and Krishna, and traditional flora and fauna. The use of vibrant colors and intricate detailing gives these motifs a vivid and lifelike quality.


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