Mahishamardini Pattachitra Painting by Purusottam Swain

Ma Durga is worshipped as a principal aspect of the mother goddess Devi and is one of the most popular and widely revered among Indian divinities. She is associated with protection, strength, motherhood, destruction and wars. Her legend centres around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace, prosperity, and Dharma the power of good over evil. Durga is believed to unleash her divine wrath against the wicked for the liberation of the oppressed, and entails destruction to empower creation. According to Hindu legends, Mahishasura was a half-buffalo demon who did severe penance in order to please Brahma, the creator. After several years, Brahma, pleased with his devotion, appeared before him. The demon opened his eyes and asked the god for immortality. Brahma refused, stating that all must die one day. Mahishasura then thought for a while and asked a boon that only a woman would be able to kill him. Brahma granted the boon and disappeared. Mahishasura started to torture innocent people. He captured heaven and was not in any kind of fear, as he thought women to be powerless and weak. The devas were worried and they went to Trimurti. They all together combined their power and created a warrior woman with many arms. The devas gave her a copy of their weapons. Himavan, the lord of Himalayas, gifted a lion as her mount. Durga on her lion, reached before Mahishasura's palace. Mahishasura took on different forms and attacked the goddess. Each time, Durga would destroy his forms. At last, Durga slays Mahishasura when he was transforming as a buffalo. The painting depicts the final defeat of Mahishasura, where he is pinned down by the Goddess, as you can see he is pinned under her feet. Along with this, we see the Goddess in her warrior form riding on her vahana, the Lion.

Hailing from the village of Raghurajpur, the village of pattachitra artists in India, Purusottam Swain's family has been painting for generations. 

About the Art- “Patachitra '' or “Pattachitra'' is used to describe the practice of cloth-based scroll painting, based in the eastern states of Odisha , West Bengal and parts of Bangladesh. In Sanskrit, “pata'' means cloth while “chitra” means painting or image.  In Odisha and Bengal, the major themes centre mythological, religious stories and folklore. Themes such as Hindu gods and goddesses such as Lord Jagannath (Odisha), Radha-Krishna and Hindu epics such as Mahabharata and Ramayana. In Bengal, pattachitra is divided into different aspects such as Durga Pat, Tribal Patachitra, and Kalighat Patachitra. Pattachitra is one of the ancient artworks of Odisha, originally created for ritual use and as souvenirs for pilgrims to Puri, as well as other temples in Odisha. Pattachitra are a component of an ancient Bengali narrative art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a song. Apart from this, Pattachitra also focuses on real world topics ranging from social, economic and political in nature such as news stories, scandals, family planning, world events, rural elections, the rationing system, family planning, evils of the dowry system etc. Pattachitra paintings are distinct and identifiable by the use of its bold colours and simple frames. All the colours and materials.

DETAILS

  • Size: 40 x 30 inch
  • Price is for unframed painting and painting would be sent without a frame
  • Handpainted in Pattachitra style on canvas
  • The image shown here is representative to help visualise the painting in a home setting and not an actual framed image
  • This painting will be made to order and will take 3-4 weeks
  • Certificate of Authentication will be provided
    Please write to us at yosha.gupta@memeraki.com for any customisation in size or ping us on the website chat

• The image shown here is representative to help visualize the painting in a home setting. Price specified is for unframed painting and the painting would be sent without a frame unless specified otherwise in the description.
• All paintings are mostly made to order and take 2-3 weeks
• COD cannot be accepted as a payment option for paintings
• Certificate of Authentication will be provided
• Please write to us at yosha.gupta@memeraki.com for any customisation in size or ping us on the website chat


Artist


Purusottam Swain

Hailing from the village of Raghurajpur, the village of pattachitra artists in India, Purusottam Swain's family has been painting for generations. 

The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. Originally from Odisha, Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. More than anything, the themes are clearly the essence of the art form, conceptualising the meaning of the paintings.



Art Form

Pattachitra

Of Painted Temples

As the scorching summer sun rises on the day of Snana Punam, the priests of the Lord Jagannatha temple in Puri, Odisha, take the idols out for their ritualistic bath with 108 pots of water. But, as the tale goes, this caused the gods to catch fever and they needed to take rest to recover! During this fortnight of rest, known as Anasar, the Mahapatra chitrakars (or artists of the village) create an intricately adorned painting of the Lord Jagannatha, Lord Balabhadra, and Maa Subadhra so that devotees could continue to offer their prayers.

These traditional paintings (chitra), created on fabric (patta) turned into canvas using natural gum and chalk are popularly known as Pattachitra. Since the 12th Century AD, the Pattachitra paintings flourished in the temple town of Puri, with skilled chitrakars adorning canvases, temple walls, and walls of homes during marriages and other festive occasions with detailed artwork.

Heroic tales of gods and goddesses from the epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana are painted in bold colours of red, white, and yellow with a distinctive style of sharp fish-like eyes, lyrical swaying bodies, and dots adorning the canvas like jewels and stars sprayed across. Ornate borders of flowers and carved pillars emulate the temple sculpture motifs of Odisha.

The elaborately fashioned imagery of the Pattachitra paintings that originated in the small village of Raghurajpur, Odisha, are now appreciated across the world. Steeped in ancient Indian mythological culture and classical romances, with vibrant colours and outstanding craftsmanship, Pattachitra has become a distinct art form that has captured our imagination.

Here are some beautifully handcrafted Pattachitra paintings and products



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