The art of Rogan dates back centuries, having its origin in Persia, it descended to the village of Nirona.
The floral, geometric and calligraphic motifs were traditionally used for the art of Rogan painting. The traditional floral motifs were small, like chauphulla, tik, ghonta( marigold) and keyri (mango). The floral borders included panfarei, single fareei (flower and seed pod), kangsi or phullivel (comb like pattern and phulvels), popat gulvel (parrots and flowers). Fauna was also a common element in stylised forms, haathi, with or without ambadi (Howdah and rider). Other figurative elements are mahiyarin – two women wearing ghagras, chunaris, churning curd and a garud. During ancient times, calligraphy motifs were used in Persian alphabets.
Its long dedication is the reason for its high cost. Each process is long and independent, handled mostly by skilled artisans. The Rogan jelly is prepared by burning castor oil, which is not fit for humans and produces a foul odour as well. The traditional method to procure dye was through natural sources such as stone and plants. The colours like blue (vadadi), green (leelo), orange, red (lal) and white (safed) were used in pure form. The colours were obtained from varied sources To prepare the Rogan colour paste, the artisans have to be highly skilled. The main equipment used for the preparation of colour paste is kharal, a manual stone grinder, to mix the colour paste. The ingredients are napthol, white chalk powder and water.
Traditionally, the equipment was hand made using organic material, which is now replaced by its inexpensive metal alternatives. The original ingredients of Rogan painting were castor oil, dyes, kerosene oil and wood.