Nava Durga Pattachitra Painting by Purusottam Swain

Navadurga are nine manifestations of Goddess Parvati in Hinduism, especially worshipped during Navratri and Durga Puja. The nine forms of Durga are often considered collectively as a single deity, mainly among the followers of Shaktism sect of Hinduism, while the nine forms are worshipped on Nine days. According to the Hindu mythology, the nine forms are considered as the nine stages of Parvati during the nine-day long duration of the war with demon-king Mahishasura, where the tenth day is celebrated as the Vijayadashami ('Victory day') among the Hindus and is considered as one of the most important festivals along with the Navaratri. The nine goddess are- 

  • Shailaputri is known as the “Daughter of Mountain”. Her vahana is the bull and she represents Parvati in her stage of childhood.
  • Bharmacharini is known as the “Mother of devotion and penance”. She has no vahana and she represents the goddess in her stage of asceticism. 
  • Chandraghanta is known as the “destroyer of Demons”. Her vahana is the tiger and she represents Parvati in the form of Shakti. 
  • Kushmanda is known as the “Goddess of The Cosmic Egg”. Her vahana is the tiger and she represents Paravati in the form of Mahashakti. 
  • Skandamata is known as the “Goddess of motherhood and children". Her vahana is the Lion and she represents Parvati in her stage of motherhood
  • Katyayani is known as the “Goddess of Power". Her vahana is the Lion and she represents Parvati in the warrior stage.
  • Kalaratri is known as the "Goddess of Auspiciousness and Courage". Her vahana is the donkey and she represents Parvati in her form of destruction.
  • Mahagauri is known as the "Goddess of Beauty and Women". Her vahana is the Ox and she represents Parvati in her form of recovery.
  • Siddhidharti is known as the "Goddess of Supernatural Powers or Siddhis". Her vahana is the Lotus and she represents Parvati in her stage of reaching her highest and supreme form as Mahashakti.

Hailing from the village of Raghurajpur, the village of pattachitra artists in India, Purusottam Swain's family has been painting for generations. 

About the Art- “Patachitra '' or “Pattachitra'' is used to describe the practice of cloth-based scroll painting, based in the eastern states of Odisha , West Bengal and parts of Bangladesh. In Sanskrit, “pata'' means cloth while “chitra” means painting or image.  In Odisha and Bengal, the major themes centre mythological, religious stories and folklore. Themes such as Hindu gods and goddesses such as Lord Jagannath (Odisha), Radha-Krishna and Hindu epics such as Mahabharata and Ramayana. In Bengal, pattachitra is divided into different aspects such as Durga Pat, Tribal Patachitra, and Kalighat Patachitra. Pattachitra is one of the ancient artworks of Odisha, originally created for ritual use and as souvenirs for pilgrims to Puri, as well as other temples in Odisha. Pattachitra are a component of an ancient Bengali narrative art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a song. Apart from this, Pattachitra also focuses on real world topics ranging from social, economic and political in nature such as news stories, scandals, family planning, world events, rural elections, the rationing system, family planning, evils of the dowry system etc. Pattachitra paintings are distinct and identifiable by the use of its bold colours and simple frames. All the colours and materials.

DETAILS

  • Size: 42 x 18 inch
  • Price is for unframed painting and painting would be sent without a frame
  • Handpainted in Pattachitra style on canvas
  • The image shown here is representative to help visualise the painting in a home setting and not an actual framed image
  • This painting will be made to order and will take 3-4 weeks
  • Certificate of Authentication will be provided
    Please write to us at yosha.gupta@memeraki.com for any customisation in size or ping us on the website chat

• The image shown here is representative to help visualize the painting in a home setting. Price specified is for unframed painting and the painting would be sent without a frame unless specified otherwise in the description.
• All paintings are mostly made to order and take 2-3 weeks
• COD cannot be accepted as a payment option for paintings
• Certificate of Authentication will be provided
• Please write to us at yosha.gupta@memeraki.com for any customisation in size or ping us on the website chat


Artist


Purusottam Swain

Hailing from the village of Raghurajpur, the village of pattachitra artists in India, Purusottam Swain's family has been painting for generations. 

The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. Originally from Odisha, Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. More than anything, the themes are clearly the essence of the art form, conceptualising the meaning of the paintings.



Art Form

Pattachitra

Of Painted Temples

As the scorching summer sun rises on the day of Snana Punam, the priests of the Lord Jagannatha temple in Puri, Odisha, take the idols out for their ritualistic bath with 108 pots of water. But, as the tale goes, this caused the gods to catch fever and they needed to take rest to recover! During this fortnight of rest, known as Anasar, the Mahapatra chitrakars (or artists of the village) create an intricately adorned painting of the Lord Jagannatha, Lord Balabhadra, and Maa Subadhra so that devotees could continue to offer their prayers.

These traditional paintings (chitra), created on fabric (patta) turned into canvas using natural gum and chalk are popularly known as Pattachitra. Since the 12th Century AD, the Pattachitra paintings flourished in the temple town of Puri, with skilled chitrakars adorning canvases, temple walls, and walls of homes during marriages and other festive occasions with detailed artwork.

Heroic tales of gods and goddesses from the epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana are painted in bold colours of red, white, and yellow with a distinctive style of sharp fish-like eyes, lyrical swaying bodies, and dots adorning the canvas like jewels and stars sprayed across. Ornate borders of flowers and carved pillars emulate the temple sculpture motifs of Odisha.

The elaborately fashioned imagery of the Pattachitra paintings that originated in the small village of Raghurajpur, Odisha, are now appreciated across the world. Steeped in ancient Indian mythological culture and classical romances, with vibrant colours and outstanding craftsmanship, Pattachitra has become a distinct art form that has captured our imagination.

Here are some beautifully handcrafted Pattachitra paintings and products



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